There are various types of vision problems that can affect anyone. Some of these are easy to correct with contact lenses, glasses or supplements while others may require more drastic corrective measures such as surgeries.
These eye problems include blind spots, blurred vision, halos, and floaters. Blind spots are dark spots or holes in the field of vision in which nothing can be seen. Blurred vision is the inability to see small details as the sharpness of vision is lost.
Changes in vision i.e., halos around lights, blurriness and blind spots always be evaluated by an ophthalmologist. These changes can indicate an eye disease or eye injury. Sudden Vision 20 issues with vision may also indicate diabetes or other condition that affect many organs in the body.
Different Vision Problems
The following types of vision problems can be corrected with glasses or contacts:
- Hypermetropia or Farsightedness – this is a common eye vision problem. A person who is farsighted can see far objects clearly but has blurry vision of near objects. The eyes of a person with this condition focus images at a point behind the retina. Farsightedness occurs when the cornea is too flat or when the eye is shorter than normal. Farsightedness tends to run in families and is usually present right from birth. This vision problem can be corrected with the use of convex lenses in eyeglasses or contact lenses. Young people with this eye condition don’t always need treatment since the lenses of their eyes are flexible enough to compensate for the problem. Elderly patients however will require corrective lenses to improve their vision. People with hypermetropia or farsightedness can opt for surgery if they want to use this method to correct the problem.
- Myopia or Nearsightedness – this is also one of the more common types of vision problems and is usually seen in young children and teenagers. A nearsighted person can see near object clearly but will have difficulty with far objects. In this condition, the light is focused in front of the retina so distant objects become blurry. Nearsightedness occurs if the eyeball is too long or the cornea is too steep. The result is that images are being focused in the vitreous humor instead of on the retina. This vision problem can be corrected by the use of corrective glasses or contact lenses that have a negative optical power. This means that they are concave lenses and they help focus the image on the retina. As with farsightedness, nearsighted people may also opt for surgery for correction if they want.
- Presbyopia – among the different types of vision problems, this is a condition that comes with the advancement of age. It can be regarded as a symptom of aging. Presbyopia starts affecting people who are in their early to mid-40s. This eye problem indicates the gradual reduction of the eye’s ability to focus on nearby objects. With increasing age, the lens of the eyes becomes harder and less flexible so close-up images go out of focus. Presbyopia can be treated by prescription reading glasses, bifocal contact lenses, bifocals, trifocals, modified monovision technique and monovision contact lenses. Refractive surgery and lens implants are also treatment option for this type of visual problem.
- Astigmatism – people with this problem experience blurry vision at all distances. The irregular shape of the cornea or the lens causes astigmatism. Blurred vision may occur more in one direction: it could be vertically, horizontally or diagonally. Astigmatism may occur with other types of vision problems like farsightedness and nearsightedness. Eyeglasses and contact lenses can correct astigmatism. Refractive surgery may also be used.